Aihearkisto: koulutusjärjestelmät

Yrittäjyyskasvatuksen kehittämistä kansainvälisesti

Iso joukko ammatillisen koulutuksen yrittäjyyskasvatuksen ja kansainvälisyyden kanssa tekemisissä olevia ihmisiä kokoontui Jyväskylään 19.1.2018 esittelemään em. teemoihin liittyviä hankkeita ja kehittämistoimia.  Tilaisuus oli erittäin keskusteleva, siitä kiitos kaikille oppilaitosten sekä mm. Kaakkois-Suomen ely-keskuksen ja Koulutuksen tutkimuslaitoksen edustajille.

Seminaarissa esiteltiin useiden  oppilaitosten toteuttamia yrittäjyyttä ja kansainvälisyyttä yhdistäviä hankkeita. Yksi esillä olleista hankkista oli pohjois-irlantilaisen Norther Regional Collegen koordinoima VITAL – vitality, innovation, teamwork, achievement and leadership, jossa Gradia on myös mukana. Hankkeen toimijat Mari Seppänen (sote), Ahti Tunturi (kone- ja tuotantotekniikka) sekä opiskelijoiden työpajaan 2017 osallistunut ensihoidon opiskelija Niko Laakso kertoivat hankkeen tavoitteista ja toiminnasta.

Päivän antia tarkalla korvalla kuunteli  myös Jyväskylän Ammatillisen opettajakorkeakoulun koulutuspäällikkö Juha Hautanen. Hän summasi päivän päätteeksi antia seuraavasti:

Mitä on yrittäjyys? Se on ympäristön aktiivista seuraamista, mahdollisuuksien havaitsemista ja niiden hyödyntäminen. Yritys on vain yksi tapa toteuttaa sitä. Siihen tarvitaan rohkeutta ja erityisesti sitä. Pitää ottaa vastuu omasta elämästä. Yrittäjyys on aktiivista toimintaa. Siksi myös sen opiskelu on sitä.

Leave the building (Steve Blank):  Luokkahuoneessa on vaikea oppia yrittäjyyttä.  Siellä on asiakkaat. Meidän tulee tarjota turvallisia paikkoja yrittäjyyden harjoittelemiseen sekä siinä onnistumiseen ja epäonnistumiseen. Vähän kuin vauvaa tuetaan kävelemään oppimisessa. Tunne asiakkaasi. Mitä he tarvitsevat, mutta myös mitä sellaista he haluavat, mutta eivät osaa sanoa.

Keskity oppimisen suunnitteluun opetuksen suunnittelun sijaan. Oppilaan tavoitteiden saavuttaminen on kaikkein tärkeintä ja opettajien tehtävä on auttaa siinä. Jos hän ei tiedä mitä hän haluaa, niin meidän tehtävä on auttaa sen määrittelemisessä. Siinä voi käyttää hyväksi mm. Guy Kawasakin Sweet Spot määritelmää.

Yrittäjyys on matka omien unelmien saavuttamiseksi. Oppilaitokset auttavat tulkitsemaan sen, mitä maailma tarvitsee, mutta ennen muuta kehittymään hyväksi osaajaksi.

Yrittäjyys on osa nykyistä ja tulevaa opettajuutta. Se on valmentavaa  ohjausta. Oppija vastaa omasta tulevaisuudestaan ja oppimisestaan ja opettaja tukee sitä. Silloin myös opettajan tulee yrittäjähenkinen. Se tarjoaa mahdollisuuden myös opettajalle matkustaa kohti omia unelmia. Silloin voi vaikuttaa omaan työhönsä vaikuttaviin päätöksiin, voi käyttää ja kehittää omaa osaamistaan sekä tehdä todella merkittävää työtä tukemalla toisten haaveiden toteutumista.

Yrittäjyys on kansainvälisyyttä, sillä se ei tunne maantieteellisiä eikä poliittisia rajoja. Sitä tehdään siellä missä asiakkaat ovat. Sitä tehdään monipuolisten osaajien kanssa. Heidän kansalaisuuksien kirjo on enemmän rikkaus kuin rajoitus.

Kansainvälisyys on myös rohkeutta. Rohkeutta kansainvälistyä, kohdata ja kokea uusia ihmisiä ja kulttuureja. Kansainvälisyys on myös reitti uusiin innovaatioihin kuten Richard Florida todistaa. Kansainvälisyys on myös osa uteliaisuutta. Ilman uteliaisuutta ei mitään uutta synny.

Yrittäjyys, kansainvälisyys ja oppiminen luovat hyvinvoivan tulevaisuuden.

Lisätietoja: Rea Tuominen, kv.suunnittelija p.6159

 

Digital ambassadors across Europe

 

Digitalisation, robotisation, mobility, individualisation are some of the megatrends which will change our environment and life within the next decades. In our aim to use digital tools in a smart way we though it might be wise to use the joint understanding and experience of our European partners instead of trying to solve all questions we have in the implementation on our own. Therefore, representatives of five VET providers (including Jyväskylä Educational Consortium) and JAMK teacher training college joined forces for two days to discuss cooperation in the field of digitalisation of learning and teaching.

One of oldest partners of Jyväskylä Educational Consortium, IBJ network in Wilhelmshaven – Jever area, hosted the meeting and the other participants came from St. Gallen (CH), IES Puerta Bonita (ES), Aarhus Tech (DK), Horizon College (NL) and JAMK (FI).

All colleges agreed that there is a genuine need for non-traditional, more informal training and support for adopting the use of digital tools within the different staff groups. All colleges  have also either already appointed, or are planning to appoint, digital ambassadors (or eTutors as we call them) which is a peer-mentoring system for e.g. teachers to guide and help them to realize digital education with their learners. Secondly there is increased need for strategic tools or guidelines to help decide which instruments and investments are relevant and most cost-effective in VET.

After two very intensive days with lots of good discussion on the needs of the participating colleges the conclusion was that in the bigger picture the needs of the colleges are more or less the same. As the colleges are at different stages in development and adoption of digitalisation finding the suitable areas for cooperation was perhaps a bit trickier than expected and instead of a clear project plan the participants returned home with a bit of homework. The discussion will continue online and the next big step is to identify the potential coordinator for the project and start discussions with the relevant NA on the potential outcomes of the project.

 

More information Jaana Virtanen, Hanna Rajala and Rea Tuominen (at)jao.fi

We and I culture with Rijn Ijssel

The week before our mid-term break we had the pleasure of hosting ten visitors from the Netherlands. They came from one of our core partners, Rijn Ijssel VET College in Arnhem. The visit was a follow-up of several of our guidance and support staff having visited Arnhem in the recent years. The theme of this study visit was  to explore the various elements in student centered support systems in the Finnish VET. The programme included many visits and lots of discussion on themes such as avoiding drop-outs, individualisation of learning and transition from comprehensive education to upper secondary education.

 

 

 

 

 

On the final day of the visit, the visitors themselves were put in ’the driver’s seat’ and they arranged a workshop on cultural differences – on the topic of we and I cultures – for the staff of Jyväskylä College and the five German trainee teachers that had been doing their placement with us for three weeks by then.

At the end of the day we also arranged an extensive feedback session for the visitors and asked them to share their thoughts on the visit and what they had learned. Here are some of their answers:

What was new?

  • entrerpreneurship
  • flexible start of studies
  • own path/ individual learning/ focus more on individual than group
  • practical learning at school
  • the flexibility of the whole system
  • possibilities in education also for adults / lifelong learning easier
  • closer relationship between teacher and student
  • free breakfast and lunch
  • respect for teacher, each other, environment and buildings

What surprised you?

  • same problems with the students e.g. drop-outs, attendance
  • self-reflection at such an early age/ spending a lot of time on self-reflection
  • no national tests/exams
  • students are quiet
  • great equipment
  • education is free
  • validation of previously acquired competences ( holiday jobs, social activities)
  • no grade/ exam pressure
  • personal help and support of the teacher for their students
  • calling  the teacher by their first name

What will you do? What kind of an impact will your visit in Finland have on your thinking, actions, way of working and/ or your organisation?

  • changing school and lessons into a place the students like to go to
  • individualize teaching more
  • value traditions but also appreciate changes
  • self-reflection for teacher and students
  • focus on skills (still missing) and (not so much) on what students already can do
  • introduce team teaching to my school
  • introduce self-reflection
  • lower the distance between teacher + team + counselor
  • long term goal:  start a course on entrepreneurship in my school
  • make more use of what students do in their free-time and side jobs

I want more! What would you like to happen next?

  • learn more about the matter of self-reflection
  • continue exchange with the purpose of learning from each other
  • learn more about education systems in Europe
  • (have a system where students can) start education any time
  • start pre-vocational programmes (valma)
  • make a project on avoiding dropouts
  • create warm, open, flexible individual learning paths without using so many hours for the inspections
  • international exchanges

A lot of food for thought! The next step of this cooperation will take place in November when Principal Pirjo Kauhanen and Programme Manager Minna Ahokas will visit Rijn Ijssel. During this meeting the memorandum of understanding between the two colleges will be renewed, and who knows, perhaps some of the issues mentioned above will also be discussed?

More information

Minna Ahokas (at)jao.fi

Rea Tuominen (at) jao.fi

Five Trainee Teachers from Germany in Finland

 

Moi,

We are five vocational trainee teachers from Hessen in Germany. We came to Jyväskylä in the end of September 2017 to get to know the Finnish vocational school system.

The School

From our point of view, JAO is a huge school with a lot of educational departments and opportunities. From the beginning onwards, we felt very welcomed and everyone was helpful.

As we all have different subjects, we were able to get an overview of the different locations. Milena,  who has nutrition and biology, was mostly at Primus working in the hotel, catering and service classes. For biology, she was able to go to the Schildt Upper Secondary School. Silke was mainly located at Viitaniemi in hairdressing and went to the Secondary School at Harju with Religion.  Nicole went to Kukkula working with the practical nurses in health care and English. Nadine mainly worked with bakers in Viitaniemi in nutrition and with chefs and high school students in English. Kristin was in the business department with her subjects business administration and English, and among others, got to know about visual merchandising and entrepreneurship at Viitaniemi.

For us, it was especially interesting how the system of individual learning is implemented into the Finnish vocational system and we are able to take lots of ideas home to our classes. Moreover, the programms VALMA and OKSA were very interesting for us.

In the beginning, the students were very shy, but they opened up a little after seeing us around more often. Especially in the practical lessons, it was easier to get into contact with the Finnish students.

The Finnish Language

For most of us, the Finnish language was something very new when we arrived and it still seems extremely difficult. But we were eager to learn some Finnish and therefore visited a foreign class that taught us some Finnish. In return, they wanted to learn some German and decided that Finnish is the easier language for them, which made the teacher very happy. It was a very funny lesson, as there were so many different languages and cultures in the classroom and we still managed to communicate with one another.

 

 

 

 

 

Impressions of Finland

During the three weeks, we used our weekends to travel to get to know different sides of Finland. Firstly, we arrived in Helsinki. Then we went to Rovaniemi to visit Santa Claus, the reindeers and the arctic circle. Our last weekend, we spent in Turku to see the archipelago and to have a traditional sauna with jumping into the Baltic Sea.

We are very grateful for being able to enjoy this great opportunity and learned so many new things. Thanks to everyone who helped to make our stay as special as it is.

Moi, Moi.

Milena, Silke, Nicole, Nadine and Kristin

More information

Rea Tuominen, Jyväskylä Educational Consortium

Ralf Hölzer-Germann, VET teacher training institute in Hessen

 

 

Network of Networks in Glasgow

35 members from 16 VET colleges and four other organisations came together on Monday 2 October in Glasgow for three consecutive days of discussions and sharing project ideas. The Finnish network was represented by staff from all four VET providers Tredu, Varia, Salpaus and Jyväskylä.Jyväskylä Educational Consortium was represented by Chief IT and Quality Officer, Hanna Rajala and International Coordinators Milka Niskanen and Rea Tuominen.

Network of Networks is a cooperation forum of five national networks; Finn Net from Finland, The Dutch Alliance from the Netherlands, Colleges Partnership from West Scotland, Colleges NI from Northern Ireland and HETEL from the Basque country in Spain.

Topics discussed during the first project workshops were among other things: skills mismatch, digitalisation, continous professional development of VET staff, preparing VET staff for a less classroom based future as well as collaboration for improving commercial income streams.

More information Rea Tuominen